On one of their journeys, an RAAF Hercules sustained minor damage in an aftershock.  It is a project of the Digital Humanities department, with the aim of preserving the knowledge, memories and earthquake experiences of people of the Canterbury region. Three RNZAF Bell UH-1H Iroquois helicopters were also used to transport Police, VIP's and aid to locations around Christchurch. , The six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) building collapsed in the earthquake, leaving only its lift shaft standing, which caught fire.  Avonside Girls' High School returned to its original site at the start of 2012. Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. Measuring 6.3 on the Richter Scale and, at 4.99 km deep, the earthquake was very shallow. The cliff behind Redcliffs School collapsed onto the houses below. Significant liquefaction affected the eastern suburbs, producing around 400,000 tonnes of silt. The increased liquefaction caused significant ground movement, undermining many foundations and destroying infrastructure, damage which "may be the greatest ever recorded anywhere in a modern city". Trajectories of posttraumatic growth and depreciation after two major earthquakes. The eastern Christchurch, the country’s second largest city, suffered widespread damage, particularly in the central city and eastern suburbs. It excluded the investigation of any questions of liability, the earthquake search and rescue effort, and the rebuilding of the city.  Kamalesh Sharma, Commonwealth Secretary-General, sent a message of support to the Prime Minister and stated "our heart and condolences go immediately to the bereaved." ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams.  For example, after the Christchurch earthquakes, studies reported that older educated females of European New Zealand descent were over represented in their sample population, which isn't accurate of the Christchurch population as a whole.  Research following the Christchurch earthquakes has shown that increasing exposure to the damage and trauma of a natural disaster is correlated with an increase in depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PO Box 76070  Since 15 August 2013 the cathedral congregation has worshipped at the Cardboard Cathedral. Each individual can react differently to traumatic events, and more research needs to be done to learn how to predict vulnerability and access the effects to find solutions that work best. , The Queen said she was "utterly shocked" and her "thoughts were with all those affected". The September quake had occurred in the early hours of the morning with family generally close at hand. A Central City Red Zone was established on the day of the earthquake as a public exclusion zone in central Christchurch. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression.  Power had been restored to 82% of households within five days, and to 95% within two weeks. , The UN and the European Union offered assistance. , The historic Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings were severely damaged, with the Stone Chamber completely collapsing.. As per the protocols of New Zealand's Coordinated Incident Management System, the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act, and the National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan and Guide, Civil Defence Emergency Management became lead agencyâwith the Director of the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management John Hamilton as National Controller. , Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard offered Australia's assistance.  Because large number of citizens are being displaced, it is difficult to find a representative sample population. Linwood College and Shirley Boys' High School moved back to their original sites on 1 August (the first day of Term 3), and 13 September 2011 respectively.  Those that exhibit lower mental health prior to an earthquake will be more likely to experience negative life changes than positive life changes with regard to personal strength.  The building was thought to be irreparably damaged and have the potential to bring down other buildings if it fell; an area of a two-block radius around the hotel was thus evacuated. The cancellation required an amendment to the Statistics Act 1975, which legally requires a census to be taken every five years. , Of the 185 victims, 115 people died in the Canterbury Television building alone, while another 18 died in the collapse of PGC House, and eight were killed when masonry fell on Red Bus number 702 in Colombo Street. , In the year to June 2011, the population of Christchurch had fallen by 8,900 people or 2.4% of its population, with a historic annual population growth of 1%. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 . The earthquake took place around 1420 New Zealand Standard Time and was centered next to 3.8 miles deep, six miles from Christchurch.. , The upwards (positive acceleration) was greater than the downwards, which had a maximum recording of 0.9g; the maximum recorded horizontal acceleration was 1.7g The force of the earthquake was "statistically unlikely" to occur more than once in 1000 years, according to one seismic engineer, with a PGA greater than many modern buildings were designed to withstand. , Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia. Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. 2011 Christchurch earthquake is similar to these topics: June 2011 Christchurch earthquake, 2016 Christchurch earthquake, 1991 Limon earthquake and more. INTRODUCTION 2. , The emergency department of Christchurch Hospital treated 231 patients within one hour of the earthquake. , On the day of the earthquake, Prime Minister John Key said that 22 February, "...may well be New Zealand's darkest day", and Mayor of Christchurch Bob Parker warned that New Zealanders are "going to be presented with statistics that are going to be bleak".  Fires were reported at the The surrounding districts, Selwyn and Waimakariri, have two of the three highest growth rates in New Zealand, at 2.2% and 1.6%, respectively.  80% of the water and sewerage system was severely damaged. With extra passenger and freight movements over Cook Strait following the earthquake, the company would have been unable to cope with just two ships operating on a reduced schedule so soon after the earthquake, so pushed back the departure to the end of April. Christchurch's central city and eastern suburbs were badly affected, with damage to buildings and infrastructure already weakened by the magnitude 7.1 Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010 and its aftershocks. Marian College did not return to the original site in Shirley but instead moved to a site at Cathedral College on Barbadoes Street. They took into account a technical investigation undertaken by the Department of Building and Housing.  While emergency repairs were performed on damaged houses by Fletcher Construction, rebuilding would be delayed by the need for full land assessments, with the possibility that some of the worst-affected areas in the eastern suburbs might need to be abandoned due to land depression and severe liquefaction, with the residents offered relocation to new subdivisions under their EQC insurance policies.  The plans were confirmed in February 2013, with seven schools closing, 10 schools merging into five (not including the overturned Phillipstown-Woolston merger), and three high schools taking on additional year levels. Love New Zealand is dedicated to everything New Zealand.  The Crusaders' first two home matches of the season, originally to be played in Christchurch, were moved to Trafalgar Park in Nelson. 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. ", Of the 3,000 buildings inspected within the four avenues of the central city by 3 March 2011, 45% had been given red or yellow stickers to restrict access because of the safety problems. Impact of average household income and damage exposure on post-earthquake distress and functioning, A community study following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake.  As of February 2015, there had been 1240 demolitions within the four avenues since the September 2010 earthquakes. One elderly man has died as a result of this earthquake. The commission was chaired by High Court judge Justice Mark Cooper with support from two other Commissioners, engineers Sir Ron Carter and Professor Richard Fenwick. , The army also operated desalination plants to provide water to the eastern suburbs. Christchurch Earthquake Damage At 1pm on 13th June 2011, another large earthquake registering 5.5 on the Richter Scale hit Christchurch City and the surrounding Canterbury region of New Zealand. The total number of claims for the two events was expected to be 250,000, as Brownlee explained that many of the claims were "overlapping". Holden et al.  The 26-storey building was displaced by half a metre in the quake and had dropped by 1 metre on one side; parts of the emergency stairwells collapsed. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes. , China gave US$500,000 to the earthquake appeal, and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao expressed his deep condolences to New Zealand. , Several charity concerts were held both in New Zealand and overseas including a previously unscheduled visit to New Zealand by American rock group Foo Fighters, who performed a Christchurch benefit concert in Auckland on 22 March 2011. Christchurch Hospital was evacuated due to damage in some areas, but soon reopened to treat the injured. , In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. , In January 2013 Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee said repairs to damaged homes to date had totalled more than $1 billion. My apartment is 6 floors up.  It was equipped to provide triage, emergency care, maternity, dental care, isolation tents for gastroenteritis, and to provide primary care since most general practices in the area were unable to open. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a shallow magnitude 6.3 M L earthquake that occurred on 13 June 2011 at 14:20 NZST (02:20 UTC).It was centred at a depth of 6 km (3.8 mi), about 10 km (6 mi) from Christchurch, which had previously been devastated by another magnitude 6.3 M L earthquake in February 2011. in February 2011. Marshall, E.M., Frazier, P., Frankfurt, S., & Kuijer, R.G. Due to the extensive damage of a number of secondary schools, many were forced to share with others, allowing one school to use the ground in the morning and the other in the afternoon. Government expressed its concern over the stalemate and appointed an independent negotiator and in September 2017, the Christchurch Diocesan Synod announced that ChristChurch Cathedral will be reinstated after promises of extra grants and loans from local and central government. The 2011 Inter Dominion harness racing series was scheduled to be held at Addington Raceway in March and April however the series was instead contested in Auckland.  AMI Stadium was going to host the rugby league ANZAC Test, however, on 4 March it was announced the match would be moved to Skilled Park on the Gold Coast. The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. Statistics New Zealand's main urban area definition for Christchurch includes Kaiapoi, which belongs to Waimakariri District, and Prebbleton, which belongs to Selwyn District. 2011), the Christchurch earthquake (Beavan et al. Love New Zealand is owned and managed by Kiwi Web Works Ltd, a website design company based in Christchurch City, New Zealand. , On 29 March 2011, Prime Minister John Key and Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker announced the creation of the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) to manage the earthquake recovery, co-operating with the government, local councils and residents, under chief executive John Ombler.  The Shag Rock, a notable landmark, was reduced to half of its former height. Surgenor, L.J., Snell, D.L., & Dorathy, M.L. It is going to take many years and lots of hard work to restore our beautiful city, but together we can do it! , Several other churches were seriously damaged, including: Knox Presbyterian Church, St Luke's Anglican Church, Durham Street Methodist Church, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, Oxford Terrace Baptist Church, Holy Trinity Avonside and Holy Trinity, Lyttelton. The remainder of the tower was demolished in March 2012. Wikipedia. Over half of the deaths occurred in the six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) Building, which collapsed and caught fire in the earthquake. Large rocks crumbled from the Sumner/Port Hills and another 70+ buildings were damaged in the Christchurch CBD. His advice was that the 2011 earthquake was a "new event" and that EQC's reinsurance cover was already in place after the previous 2010 event. , GNS Science stated that the earthquake arose from the rupture of an 8Â km x 8Â km fault running east-northeast at a depth of 1â2Â km beneath the southern edge of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary and dipping southwards at an angle of about 65 degrees from the horizontal beneath the Port Hills. The Anglican Church decided to demolish the building and replace it with a new structure, but various groups opposed the church's intentions, with actions including taking a case to court.  The team's round three match against the Northern Mystics in Auckland was postponed, while their round four home match against the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic was moved to the Energy Events Centre in Rotorua. The epicentre was closer to Christchurch, and shallower at 5 kilometres (3Â mi) underground, whereas the September quake was measured at 10 kilometres (6Â mi) deep. Wanaka Primary School alone had received 115 new enrolments as Christchurch families moved to their holiday homes in the town..  A team of 55 Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team members from the Singapore Civil Defence Force were sent. The earthquake was followed by several smaller shocks, and then at 2:20pm a huge 6.3 earthquake rocked Christchurch City. A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011 at 12:51Â p.m. local time (23:51 UTC, 21 February). Smoking prevalence increases following Canterbury earthquakes. , The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 12:51 pm on 22 February 2011 NZT. The Australian Government also pledged A$5Â million (NZ$6.7Â million) to the Red Cross Appeal. Kuijer, R.G., Marshall, E.M., & Bishop, A.N. Prime Minister John Key confirmed that, "All Civil Defence procedures have now been activated; the Civil Defence bunker at parliament is in operation here in Wellington. Impacts of Christchurch Earthquake In total, the 'rehabilitation' costs $15.1 billion dollars worth of damage, Many businesses needed to fire employees due to the heavy re-building fee. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 June 2013. Three RNZAF Beechcraft Super King Air aircraft were also used to evacuate people from Christchurch. Thought the building was coming down. On 23 February, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Christchurch's tallest hotel, was reported to be on the verge of collapse.  Twenty Chinese students were reported missing following the quake. , The earthquake was a "strike-slip event with oblique motion" which caused mostly horizontal movement with some vertical movement, with reverse thrust causing upwards vertical movement.  Concrete block construction fared badly, leaving many modern iconic buildings damaged. Christchurch Hospital was partly evacuated due to damage in some areas, but remained open throughout to treat the injured.  On 23 February the Minister of Civil Defence, John Carter declared the situation a state of national emergency, the country's first for a civil defence emergency (the only other one was for the 1951 waterfront dispute). They started work immediately in a multi-agency response to the collapse of the CTV Building on Madras Street. The Governor-General also had to revoke his previous proclamation of the date of the census. 2011 Christchurch earthquake-Wikipedia Another aftershock struck in June causing liquefaction and flooding along with damaging houses and the infrastructure of the suburb even more. , With an estimated 10,000 houses requiring demolition and over 100,000 damaged, plans were developed for moderate-term temporary housing.  Demolition was completed in May 2012. The earthquake epicentre was near Lyttelton, just 10 kilometres south-east of Christchurch’s central , Humanitarian support and welfare were provided by various agencies, in particular the New Zealand Red Cross and the Salvation Army. A tremor of 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt at 1Â pm, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 08:05. 06 Feb. 2013. The International Rugby Board and the New Zealand Rugby World Cup organisers announced in March 2011 that the city would be unable to host the World Cup matches. The February earthquake occurred during lunchtime on a weekday when the CBD was busy, and many buildings were already weakened from the previous quakes.  St Elmo Courts has been damaged in the September 2010 earthquake and the owner intended to repair the building, but further damage caused by the February 2011 event resulted in a decision to demolish, which was done the following month. , A field hospital providing 75 beds was set up in the badly affected eastern suburbs on 24 February.  Increases in trauma exposure are related to increased dependence on alcohol and nicotine, as well as prescribed psychiatric medication. OpenStreetMap had good map data in this region even before the disaster, thanks to local mappers. , Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard on the earthquake. Official visitation teams were organised by Civil Defence and there were engineers or assessors from EQC.  Self-report can introduce bias to results, leading to skewed data. 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